Archaeological room/culture/historical heritage/archaeology
The archaeological exhibition is located in the Cortijo Miraflores Cultural Centre and has a room and a series of display cases next to the oil mill. In the main room there are three models of the main Roman and Late Roman sites in Marbella: The Roman Villa of Río Verde, the Baths of Guadalmina and the Paleochristian Basilica of Vega del Mar, a series of historical elements (reconstruction of a Roman trap, a ship's cannon, an Admiralty type anchor, a Roman amphora, an embrasure of the Castle of Marbella and a display case dedicated to the Andalusian Neolithic), where we can observe the most interesting pieces of the collection. This is a sample of the Andalusian Neolithic (4,500 to 3,500 BC), a period whose habitat developed in caves and in which the sites of Pecho Redondo, Palominas and Abrigos de Puerto Rico offer us ceramic vases, bracelets and flint sheets, which were funerary votive utensils.
In the mill room, there are six display cases and three explanatory panels. This exhibition gives an overview of the prehistory and history of Marbella from the Lower Palaeolithic to the Modern Age.
The pieces displayed in the display cases follow a sequential view, except for the first one, which brings together elements of underwater archaeology from the Roman period.
From the second display case onwards, the sequential view of the Marbella municipal district is addressed from an archaeological point of view, except for the Neolithic, which, due to its importance, is differentiated from the rest, although with some nuances due to technical, exhibition space and aesthetic issues.
In the second display case, we find the oldest lithic tools, which date back to the Lower Palaeolithic (1,500,000 to 100,000 BC), corresponding to a surface settlement at Coto Correa (Artola). In addition, a series of flint tools of undetermined chronology from the site of Los Abrigos de Puerto Rico are exhibited. The upper part of the third display case contains a series of pieces with an imprecise chronology, found on the surface at Coto Correa. The series of stone crushers and axes belong to a typology used in both the Neolithic and Chalcolithic periods. In its lower part, there are flint microsheets, preferably from Los Abrigos de Puerto Rico, also with an undetermined chronology. This is followed by a polished stone axe from the Cerro Torrón site from the Chalcolithic, a transitional period until the arrival of the Phoenicians in the 6th century BC, which gave rise to the Orientalising period, which lasted until the arrival of the Romans in the middle of the 1st century BC. This period is represented in the space with some unique pieces, including an arrowhead and a coin from Cerro Torrón and part of a fish dish and spindle whorl from the Cerro Colorao site.
In the fourth display case, the upper part contains a continuation of ceramics from the previous period belonging to the aforementioned sites, together with a loom weight. In the lower one, as well as in the next display case, we enter the cultural facies of the Roman period, which shows us the different ceramic types: Campanian, South Gaulish terra sigillata or Hispanic terra sigillata, which make up the Roman occupation, both Republican and Imperial. Among these pieces, it is worth mentioning the funerary urns, a bowl and a fragment with the GERMINI seal. OF, as well as iron tools, glass and fragments of stucco, marble and mosaic. Most of them belong to the sites of the Roman Villa of Río Verde and the Termas de Guadalmina.
The upper part of the next display case begins with the period of transition to the arrival of the Arabs with two votive jars from the Early Christian Basilica of Vega del Mar, joining in the lower part with various elements from the period of Muslim domination: lamps, loom weights and decorated ceramics. This period continues in the upper part of the next display case with small jars, a carafe, a marmite and part of an ataifor, some of them from the Castle of Marbella.
Finally, the lower part completes the historical tour with coins, medals, a ring and a jar from the modern period, the latter also from the Castle.